Dental crown is a cap or a cover that is placed over your teeth. A crown makes the tooth strong and restores its shape, size and function.
When you may need crowning?
• If you have too large cavities.
• If you need to repair cracked, worn out and weekend teeth.
• After a root canal treatment the crown helps in protecting the restored tooth.
• If you want to cover discolored or shapeless teeth.
What is the process of placing a crown?
Dental crowns treatment can be completed in 2 visits to your dentist.
First the decayed part of the tooth or any cavity is removed and cleaned by the dentist. The outer layer of the decayed tooth is removed and brought to the size that can fix the crown. The tooth is digitally scanned to prepare a mould for the desired shape of the tooth. A temporary crown is provided, while the permanent tooth is still being prepared. For the next 2 weeks, you will be having the temporary crown in your mouth.
At that moment your teeth may be sensitive towards hot, cold, chewy, sticky and hard foods. If your dentist has the proper equipment they may be able to fix the crown the same day.
When the permanent crown is ready, the dentist will place it in the mouth and make required adjustments. When you and the dentist feel that the crown looks and feels perfect it is finally cemented at the right place.
What are the types of crowns?
• Gold Crowns
They are very strong and durable. They do not look natural because of their color. They are comparatively expensive and do not require much cutting around the tooth to be fixed.
• Porcelain Crowns
They match the shape, size and color of the natural teeth. They are biocompatible i.e no metal so no allergies.
• Porcelain fused-to-metal crowns
They provide the strength of metal and look very natural like porcelain. They are less costly than other crowns.
• Zirconia crowns
They are as strong as metal and look very natural. They can be cut and customized at the dentist clinic only. They are durable and biocompatible i.e does not cause allergy.
• E-max : lithium disilicate crowns
It's a type of ceramic crown, looks very natural in the mouth. They are usually used for front and back teeth. They are very strong and durable.
How can you look after your crowns after the treatment?
If not taken proper care, the crowns can decay and break as well. Therefore, it is important to be cautious about them after the treatment. Some of the ways you can take care of you crowns are:
• Brush your teeth twice a day and between the teeth properly.
• Use dental products that meet the standard of safety and effectiveness.
• Do not chew hard, super hot or super cold items as they may cause sensitivity and pain.
• Visit the dentist now and then, for regular checkups and dental cleanings.