Dentures are removable appliances that can replace missing teeth that can be taken out and put back into your mouth. They help in restoring smile. If you have lost your natural teeth whether from gum disease, tooth decay or injury, replacing missing teeth will benefit your appearance and your health. This is so because the dentures make it easier to eat and speak better than one could without teeth. Dentures are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. When one losses his/her teeth, facial muscles can sag, making him/her look older. Dentures can help you fill up your facial appearances. They closely resemble the natural teeth so that the appearance does not change much.Dentures may even improve the look of your smile.
Dentures generally, come up into two types : complete dentures or partial dentures.The type that is needed can be determined by your dentist.Typically complete dentures are used to replace all teeth and partial dentures are used when you still have some of your natural teeth in place.
HOW DENTURES WORK?
With full dentures, a flesh-colored acrylic base fits over your gums. The base of the upper denture covers the palate (the roof of your mouth), while that of the lower denture is shaped like a horseshoe to accommodate your tongue. Dentures are custom-made in a dental laboratory from impressions of your mouth that your dentist will take in a preliminary evaluation.Your dentist will determine which of the given types of dentures described below is best for you.
- CONVENTIONAL DENTURE
A conventional full denture is made and placed in your mouth after the remaining teeth are removed and tissues have healed, which may take several months. Healing may take several months, during which time you are without teeth.
- IMMEDIATE FULL DENTURE
An Immediate Full Denture is inserted on the same day that the remaining teeth are removed. Your dentist will take measurements and make models of your jaw during a preliminary visit. You don’t have to be without teeth during the healing period, but may need to have the denture relined or remade after your jaw has healed.The reason is that the bone supporting the teeth reshapes as it heals, causing the denture to become loose.
- OVER DENTURE
Sometimes some of your teeth can be saved to preserve your jawbone and provide stability and support for the denture. An over denture fits over a small number of remaining natural teeth after they have been prepared by your dentist. Implants can serve the same function, too.
- PARTIAL DENTURE
Partial dentures are used when a patient still has some of his or her natural teeth, such as when one or more teeth remain in the upper and lower jaw. Partial dentures can be attached to natural teeth in several ways, the most conventional of which uses metal clasps that grip the natural teeth. Partial dentures can also be attached to crowns on the natural teeth. These crowns can actually improve the fit of partial dentures.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR DENTURE ?
er a period of time, your denture will need to be relined, remade, or rebased due to normal wear. Rebasing means making a new base while keeping the existing denture teeth. Also, as you age, your mouth naturally changes. These changes cause your dentures to loosen, making chewing difficult and irritating your gums. At a minimum, you should see your dentist annually for a checkup.
There are a few tips to take care of your dentures.
- Don’t let denture dry out : Remember to place your dentures in a cleanser soaking solution or in plain water when you are not wearing them. Never use hot water, which can cause dentures to warp. Rinse your dentures before brushing to remove any loose food or debris.
- Brush your denture : Use a soft bristle toothbrush and a non-abrasive cleanser to gently brush all the surfaces of the dentures so they don’t get scratched. When brushing, clean your mouth thoroughly—including your gums, cheeks, roof of your mouth and tongue to remove any plaque. This can help reduce the risk of oral irritation and bad breath.
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- When you’re not wearing your dentures, put them in a safe place covered in water to keep them from warping.
- Consult your Dentist : See your dentist if denture break, chip, crack or become loose. Don’t be tempted to adjust them yourself — this can damage them beyond repair. Usually, denture wearers may use adhesives, your dentist can recommend appropriate cleansers and adhesives.
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If you have any questions about your dentures, or if they stop fitting well or become damaged, contact your dentist. Be sure to schedule regular dental checkups, too.