WHAT IS ORTHODONTICS?
Orthodontics is a branch of Dentistry which is related to the correction of:
- Crooked/malpositioned/haphazardly placed teeth
- Improper Bites leads to difficulty in chewing
- Anomalies in jaw growth
- Proclined/ forwardly placed upper teeth
- Inability of lip closure
- TM Joint problems (opening and closing of mouth)
WHAT ARE DENTAL BRACES?
Dental braces (also known as braces, orthodontic cases, or cases) are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite, while also improving the dental health. They are used to correct underbites, as well as malocclusions, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, and various other flaws of the teeth and jaw. Simultaneously, they are also used with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and to otherwise assist in shaping the teeth and jaws.
TYPES OF DENTAL BRACES
Today, Orthodontics use a huge variety of braces than ever before. You can check out your own choice.
- METAL/TRADITIONAL BRACES – Metal Braces are made up of stainless steel and wires. They are the most common type of braces used by the people.These braces have a metal bracket with elastic (rubber band) tied, holding the wire onto the metal brackets. These days metal braces are much smaller, flatter, and more comfortable than they used to be in past.
Pros: Least expensive type; coloured bands give kids a chance to express themselves
Cons: Most noticeable type of braces.
- CERAMIC BRACES – Ceramic braces mock metal braces in shape and size but they use tooth-
coloured or clear ceramic brackets that blend more naturally into your teeth. The braces are less visible to others, which makes them a popular choice for adults who need orthodontic treatment. Ceramic braces are the same size and shape as metal braces, except that they have tooth-coloured or clear brackets that blend in to teeth. Some even use tooth-coloured wires to be even less noticeable.
Pros: Less noticeable than metal braces; move teeth much faster than clear plastic aligners.
Cons: More expensive than metal braces; Brackets can stain easily if patients don’t care for them well.
- LINGUAL BRACES – Lingual braces use the same metal brackets and wires used in traditional
braces, but the brackets and wires are installed on the inside of your teeth to keep them hidden.They are a cosmetic alternative in which custom-made braces are bonded tothe back of the teeth making them externally invisible.
Pros: Invisible from outside.
Cons: Difficult to clean; more expensive; not appropriate for severe cases; can be more uncomfortable at first; regular adjustments take longer and are more difficult than with traditional braces
- INVISALIGN – Invisalign consists of a series of customized, clear BPA-free plastic tray aligners that are removable and typically replaced every 2 weeks to keep your teeth moving in the desired direction. Invisalign consists of a series of 18 to 30 custom-made, mouth guard-like clear plastic aligners. The aligners are removable and are replaced every 2 weeks.
Pros: Almost invisible; Patients can eat and drink whatever they want
Cons: Will not work for serious dental problems; only available for adults and teens, not children; more expensive option; can be easily lost and costly to replace; treatment may potentially take longer.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF THE BRACES?
It is necessary to take a proper care of your braces in order to keep your teeth healthy. There are various ways by which you can take care of your braces:
- It’s so easy for food to get stuck in wired braces, kids who wear them need to work extra hard to keep their teeth clean.
- Brushing after meals is essential, as is daily flossing.
- Regular dental cleanings and checkups to look for cavities are also a must.
- Your child should avoid certain foods (such as popcorn, hard and sticky candy, and
gum) because they can damage braces.
- Because braces put pressure on the teeth, they can feel uncomfortable once in a while, especially after the orthodontist makes adjustments. Taking over-the- counter pain relievers and eating soft foods can help if this happens.